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Love was the Word however what was the Truth?

Woodstock Music and Art Fair, commonly referred to as Woodstock, was a music festival held throughout August 15-18, 1969, on Max Yasgur’s dairy farm in Bethel, https://hippiedaysslot.com/ New York,[3][4] forty miles (sixty five km) southwest of the town of Woodstock. Billed as “an Aquarian Exposition: Three Days of Peace & Music” and alternatively referred to because the Woodstock Rock Festival, it attracted greater than 400,000 attendees.[3][5][6][7] Thirty-two acts carried out outdoors regardless of overcast and sporadic rain.[8] It was one of the largest music festivals in history, and became synonymous with the counterculture of the 1960s.[9][10][11][12]

The festival has turn into broadly regarded as a pivotal second in well-liked music history in addition to a defining event for the silent and baby boomer generations.[13][14] The event’s significance was strengthened by a 1970 documentary movie,[15] an accompanying soundtrack album, and a tune written by Joni Mitchell that grew to become a major hit for both Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young and Matthews Southern Comfort. Musical events bearing the Woodstock title were deliberate for anniversaries, which included the tenth, twentieth, twenty-fifth, thirtieth, fortieth, and fiftieth. In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine listed it as number 19 of the 50 Moments That Changed the History of Rock and Roll.[16] In 2017, the festival site grew to become listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[17]

Planning and preparation[edit]

Woodstock was initiated by means of the efforts of Michael Lang, Artie Kornfeld, Joel Rosenman, and John P. Roberts.[18][19] Roberts and Rosenman financed the project.[18] Lang had some expertise as a promoter, having co-organized the Miami Pop Festival on the East Coast the earlier yr, where an estimated 25,000 folks attended the two-day occasion.[quotation wanted]

Early in 1969, Roberts and Rosenman were New York City entrepreneurs, in the strategy of constructing Mediasound, a recording studio complicated in Manhattan. Lang and Kornfeld’s lawyer, Miles Lourie, who had accomplished authorized work on the Mediasound undertaking, prompt that they contact Roberts and Rosenman about financing the same, however much smaller, studio Kornfeld and Lang hoped to construct in Woodstock, New York. Unpersuaded by this Studio-in-the-Woods proposal, Roberts and Rosenman counter-proposed a live performance featuring the form of artists identified to frequent the Woodstock area (similar to Bob Dylan and The Band). Kornfeld and Lang agreed to the brand new plan, and Woodstock Ventures was formed in January 1969.[18][page needed] The company workplaces had been located in an oddly decorated floor of forty seven West 57th Street in Manhattan. Burt Cohen, and his design group, Curtain Call Productions, oversaw the psychedelic transformation of the workplace.[20][web page wanted]

From the start, there were variations in approach among the 4: Roberts was disciplined and knew what was needed for the enterprise to succeed, while the laid-back Lang noticed Woodstock as a new, “relaxed” means of bringing entrepreneurs collectively.[21][page needed] When Lang was unable to find a site for the live performance, Roberts and Rosenman, growing increasingly concerned, took to the street and finally got here up with a venue. Similar differences about monetary discipline made Roberts and Rosenman surprise whether or not to pull the plug or to continue pumping cash into the mission.[21][web page wanted]

In April 1969, Creedence Clearwater Revival turned the first act to sign a contract for the event, agreeing to play for $10,000 (equivalent to $80,000 in 2022[22]).[23] The promoters had experienced issue touchdown massive-title teams until Creedence dedicated to play. Creedence drummer Doug Clifford later commented: “Once Creedence signed, everyone else jumped in line and all the opposite large acts came on.” Given their 12:30 a.m. start time and omission from the Woodstock movie (at Creedence frontman John Fogerty’s insistence), Creedence members have expressed bitterness over their experiences relating to the festival.[24]

Woodstock was conceived as a revenue-making venture. It turned a “free concert” when circumstances prevented the organizers from putting in fences and ticket booths earlier than opening day.[18][page wanted] Tickets for the three-day event value US$18 prematurely and $24 on the gate (equivalent to about $140 and $190 today[22]). Ticket sales had been limited to record shops in the greater New York City space, or by mail through a submit office box on the Radio City Station Post Office situated in Midtown Manhattan. Around 186,000 advance tickets were offered.[25] The organizers had anticipated roughly 50,000 festival-goers would turn up.[18][web page wanted]

Number of the venue[edit]

The unique venue plan was for the festival to take place in the town of Woodstock, possibly close to the proposed recording studio site owned by Alexander Tapooz.[26]:40 After local residents quickly rejected that thought, Lang and Kornfeld thought they had found another potential location at the Winston Farm in Saugerties, New York.[27] But they’d misunderstood, as the landowner’s attorney made clear, in a short meeting with Roberts and Rosenman.[18][page needed] Growing alarmed at the lack of progress, Roberts and Rosenman took over the seek for a venue, and discovered the 300-acre (a hundred and twenty ha; 0.47 sq mi; 1.2 km2) Mills Industrial Park (41°38′53″N 74°10′47″W / 41.648088°N 74.179751°W / 41.648088; -74.179751) in the town of Wallkill, New York, which Woodstock Ventures leased for US$10,000 (equivalent to $80,000 today) within the Spring of 1969.[28] Town officials were assured that not more than 50,000 would attend. Town residents instantly opposed the project. In early July, the Town Board passed a regulation requiring a permit for any gathering over 5,000 people. The conditions upon which a permit would be issued made it inconceivable for the promoters to proceed building on the Wallkill site.[18][page needed] Reports of the ban, however, turned out to be a publicity bonanza for the festival.[29]

In his 2007 book Taking Woodstock, Elliot Tiber relates that he supplied to host the event on his 15-acre (6.1 ha; 650,000 sq ft; 61,000 m2) motel grounds, and had a permit for such an occasion. He claims to have introduced the promoters to dairy farmer Max Yasgur.[30][page needed] Lang, nonetheless, disputes Tiber’s account and says that Tiber launched him to a realtor, who drove him to Yasgur’s farm without Tiber. Sam Yasgur, Max’s son, agrees with Lang’s account.[31] Yasgur’s land formed a natural bowl sloping all the way down to Filippini Pond on the land’s north aspect. The stage would be arrange at the underside of the hill with Filippini Pond forming a backdrop. The pond turned a popular skinny dipping destination. Filippini was the only landowner who refused to sign a lease for the use of his property.[18][web page needed]

The organizers again told Bethel authorities they anticipated not more than 50,000 folks.[quotation wanted]

Despite resident opposition and indicators proclaiming, “Buy No Milk. Stop Max’s Hippy Music Festival”,[32] Bethel Town Attorney Frederick W. V. Schadt, constructing inspector Donald Clark and Town Supervisor Daniel Amatucci accredited the festival permits. Nonetheless, the Bethel Town Board refused to situation the permits formally.[33][34][35][36] Clark was ordered to submit stop-work orders.[37] Rosenman recalls meeting Don Clark and discussing with him how unethical it was for him to withhold permits which had already been authorized, and which he had in his pocket. At the end of the meeting, Inspector Clark gave him the permits.[18][web page wanted] The Stop Work Order was lifted, and the festival may proceed pending backing by the Department of Health and Agriculture, and removal of all constructions by September 1, 1969.[38]

The late change in venue did not give the festival organizers sufficient time to arrange. At a meeting three days earlier than the event, Rosenman was requested by the development foremen to decide on between (a) finishing the fencing and ticket booths (with out which Roberts and Rosenman can be going through virtually sure bankruptcy after the festival) or (b) attempting to finish the stage (without which it could be a weekend of half a million concert-goers with no concert to carry their attention). The next morning, on Wednesday, it turned clear that possibility (a) had disappeared. Overnight, 50,000 “early birds” had arrived and had planted themselves in entrance of the half-completed stage. For the rest of the weekend, concert-goers simply walked onto the positioning, with or with out tickets. Though the festival left Roberts and Rosenman near monetary destroy, their possession of the film and recording rights turned their finances around when the Academy Award-successful documentary film Woodstock was released in March 1970.[18][page needed]


The inflow of attendees to the rural concert site in Bethel created a massive traffic jam. The town of Bethel did not enforce its codes, fearing chaos as the crowd flowed to the positioning.[39] Eventually, radio and tv descriptions of the site visitors jams discouraged people from setting off to the festival.[40][41] Arlo Guthrie made an announcement that was included in the movie saying that the brand new York State Thruway was closed,[42] though the director of the Woodstock museum mentioned that this closure by no means occurred.[43] So as to add to the issues and difficulty in coping with the large crowds, current rains had precipitated muddy roads and fields. The amenities were not geared up to offer sanitation or first assist for the quantity of individuals attending; a whole bunch of thousands discovered themselves in a struggle in opposition to dangerous weather, meals shortages, and poor sanitation.[44]

On the morning of Sunday, August 17, New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller referred to as festival organizer John P. Roberts and told him that he was thinking of ordering 10,000 National Guard troops to the festival, but Roberts persuaded him to not. Sullivan County declared a state of emergency.[40] Throughout the festival, personnel from nearby Stewart Air Force Base helped guarantee order and air-lifted performers in and out of the concert site.[26]:225

Jimi Hendrix was the final to perform at the festival, taking the stage at 8:30 Monday morning as a consequence of delays attributable to the rain. By that point, the viewers had fallen to about 30,000 from its estimated peak of 450,000. A lot of them left during Hendrix’s performance, having waited to easily catch a glimpse of him.[45]

Hendrix and his new band Gypsy Sun and Rainbows have been launched as the Experience, but he corrected this and added: “You may name us a Band of Gypsies”.[46]:270 They carried out a two-hour set, together with his psychedelic rendition of the nationwide anthem. The music became “a part of the sixties Zeitgeist” as it was captured within the Woodstock film.[46]:272

We had been ready to rock out and we waited and waited and eventually it was our flip … there have been a half million people asleep. These individuals were out. It was type of like a painting of a Dante scene, just bodies from hell, all intertwined and asleep, lined with mud.

And this is the moment I’ll always remember so long as I live: A quarter mile away in the darkness, on the other edge of this bowl, there was some guy flicking his Bic, and in the night time I hear, “Don’t fret about it, John. We’re with you.” I performed the rest of the present for that guy.

-John Fogerty recalling Creedence Clearwater Revival’s 12:30 a.m. begin time at Woodstock[24]

The festival was remarkably peaceful given the number of people and the situations concerned, though there were three recorded fatalities: two drug overdoses and another caused when a tractor ran over a 17-yr-old sleeping in a nearby hayfield.[47][48] There were births claimed to have occurred among Woodstock attendees, one in a automotive caught in visitors and one other in a hospital after an airlift by helicopter. Extensive analysis by a e-book writer could not verify any birth claims, except that a potential attendee never arrived.[49] There have been a number of miscarriages (sources vary from 4 to eight).[50][47][48] Over the course of the three days, there were 742 drug overdoses.[51]

Max Yasgur owned the site of the event, and he spoke of how nearly half one million people spent the three days with music and peace on their minds. He stated, “If we join them, we will turn these adversities which might be the issues of America right this moment right into a hope for a brighter and more peaceful future”.[21][page wanted]


Sound for the concert was engineered by sound engineer Bill Hanley. “It worked very well”, he says of the occasion. “I built special speaker columns on the hills and had sixteen loudspeaker arrays in a sq. platform going up to the hill on 70-foot [21 m] towers. We set it up for 150,000 to 200,000 individuals. After all, 500,000 showed up.”[52] ALTEC designed marine plywood cabinets that weighed half a ton apiece and stood 6 ft (1.8 m) tall, virtually four ft (1.2 m) deep, and 3 toes (0.91 m) vast. Each of those enclosures carried 4 15-inch (380 mm) JBL D140 loudspeakers. The tweeters consisted of 4×2-Cell & 2×10-Cell Altec Horns. Behind the stage had been three transformers offering 2,000 amperes of current to energy the amplification setup.[53][page wanted] For a few years this system was collectively referred to because the Woodstock Bins.[54] The live performances have been captured on two 8-track Scully recorders in a tractor trailer again stage by Edwin Kramer and Lee Osbourne on 1-inch Scotch recording tape at 15 ips, then mixed on the Record Plant studio in New York.[55]


Lighting for the concert was engineered by lighting designer and technical director E.H. Beresford “Chip” Monck. Monck was hired to plan and build the staging and lighting, ten weeks of labor for which he was paid $7,000 (equal to $56,000 today). Much of his plan had to be scrapped when the promoters were not allowed to use the unique location in Wallkill, New York. The stage roof that was constructed in the shorter time obtainable was not in a position to assist the lighting that had been rented, which wound up sitting unused beneath the stage. The one light on the stage was from spotlights.[56]

Monck used twelve 1300 Watt Super Trouper-comply with spots rigged on four towers across the stage. The comply with spots weighed 600 pounds (270 kg) each and were operated by spotlight operators who had to climb up on the top of the 60-foot-high (18 m) lighting towers.[57]

Monck also was drafted just earlier than the concert started as the master of ceremonies when Michael Lang seen he had forgotten to hire one. He may be heard and seen in recordings of Woodstock making the stage bulletins, including requests to “keep off the towers” and the warning concerning the “brown acid”.[56]


Thirty-two acts carried out over the course of the four days:[58]

Declined invitations or missed connections[edit]

The Beatles had been recording Abbey Road on the time and on the precipice of breaking up. Promoter Michael Lang, realizing The Beatles weren’t an choice, invited John Lennon and the Plastic Ono Band. On account of Lennon’s place on Vietnam and 1968 drug bust in England, Richard Nixon and the U.S. government reportedly didn’t need him in the nation. Apple Corps sent a letter to the promoters providing the Plastic Ono Band, however the letter arrived as promoters had been dropping the situation in Wallkill, so distractions didn’t allow arrangements to be finalized.[68]The Jeff Beck Group disbanded prior to Woodstock. “I deliberately broke the group up before Woodstock,” Beck stated. “I did not need it to be preserved.” Beck’s piano player Nicky Hopkins carried out with Jefferson Airplane.[69]Blues Image agreed to seem on the Woodstock festival, in accordance with a 2011 interview with percussionist Joe Lala. Their manager did not want them to go and said, “There’s only one street in and it’s going to be raining, you don’t wish to be there”. The band as an alternative took a gig at Binghamton.[70]The Byrds had been invited but selected to not participate, believing that Woodstock could be no totally different from any of the other music festivals that summer time. There were also concerns about cash. Bassist John York later said, “We had no thought what it was going to be. We have been burned out and uninterested in the festival scene.”[71]Chicago had initially been signed to play at Woodstock, however they’d a contract with concert promoter Bill Graham which allowed him to maneuver their concert events at the Fillmore West. He rescheduled some of their dates to August 17, thus forcing them to back out of the concert. Graham did so to ensure that Santana would take their slot on the festival, as he managed them as properly.[72]The Doors have been thought-about but canceled at the final moment. In keeping with guitarist Robby Krieger, they turned it down as a result of they thought that it could be a “second class repeat of Monterey Pop Festival” and later regretted that call.[73]Bob Dylan lived in the town of Woodstock but was never in critical negotiation to look. Instead, he signed in mid-July to play the Isle of Wight Festival of Music on August 31. He intended to journey to England on Queen Elizabeth 2 on August 15, the day that the Woodstock Festival started, but his son was injured by a cabin door and the household disembarked. Dylan and his spouse Sara flew to England the next week. The Band accompanied him in his Isle of Wight look.[74]Free was requested to perform and declined.[75] They did play on the Isle of Wight Festival a week later.The Guess Who have been invited to carry out and declined.[76]Iron Butterfly was booked to appear, and is listed on the Woodstock poster for a Sunday efficiency, but couldn’t perform as a result of they have been caught at LaGuardia Airport.[77] In accordance with Production Coordinator John Morris, “They sent me a telegram saying, ‘We will arrive at LaGuardia. You should have helicopters choose us up. We’ll fly straight to the present. We will perform immediately, after which we shall be flown out.’ And i picked up the cellphone and known as Western Union … And [my telegram] stated: For causes I am unable to go into / Until you’re right here / Clarifying your state of affairs / Knowing you’re having problems / You should have to seek out /Other transportation /Unless you plan not to come.'”[78]Tommy James and the Shondells claimed to have declined an invite. James stated: “We could have just kicked ourselves. We were in Hawaii, and my secretary known as and said, ‘Yeah, hear, there’s this pig farmer in upstate New York that desires you to play in his subject.’ That’s how it was put to me. So we passed, and we realized what we’d missed a couple of days later.”[79]Jethro Tull also declined. In response to Ian Anderson, he knew that it can be a giant event but he didn’t wish to go because he didn’t like hippies and had different considerations, including inappropriate nudity, heavy drinking, and drug use.[80]Led Zeppelin had been requested to carry out. Their supervisor Peter Grant stated: “I stated no because at Woodstock we would have just been one other band on the invoice.”[81]Lighthouse declined to carry out at Woodstock.[82]Arthur Lee and Love declined an invitation, partly attributable to turmoil within the band.[75]Mind Garage declined because they thought that the festival can be a minor event, and they had a better paying gig elsewhere.[75]Joni Mitchell was initially slated to perform but cancelled on the urging of her manager to avoid missing a scheduled appearance on The Dick Cavett Show. She later composed the music “Woodstock” inspired by what she noticed on tv.[83][84]The Moody Blues were included on the unique Wallkill poster as performers, however they backed out after being booked in Paris the same weekend.[75]Poco had been provided a chance to carry out at the festival, however their supervisor turned it down for a live performance at a Los Angeles faculty gymnasium.[85]Procol Harum have been invited however refused as a result of Woodstock fell at the top of a protracted tour and likewise coincided with the due date of guitarist Robin Trower’s baby.[86]The Rascals were invited to play but declined as a result of they were in the course of recording a brand new album.[87]Raven turned down an invite to play as a result of they played at one of many Woodstock Sound-Outs the yr before and it did not go properly.[88]Roy Rogers was requested to shut the festival with “Happy Trails” however he declined.[89]The Rolling Stones have been invited however declined because Mick Jagger was in Australia filming Ned Kelly, and Keith Richards’ girlfriend Anita Pallenberg had simply given birth to their son Marlon.[90]Simon & Garfunkel declined the invitation, as they have been working on their new album.[91]Spirit also declined an invitation to play, as they already had exhibits deliberate and wanted to play those as an alternative, not understanding how large Woodstock would be.[92]Strawberry Alarm Clock declined an invitation because they didn’t suppose Woodstock could be that huge of a deal.[93]- In line with Michael Lang, Apple Records needed to ship a few of their acts to Woodstock. “Apple despatched me a letter saying they were going to ship an art installation from the Plastic Ono Band and also supplied James Taylor and Billy Preston,” Lang continued to Billboard. “All three would have been nice, but the letter arrived across the time we had been dropping the site in Wallkill and we had been type of distracted, so these never got finalized.”[94]Zager and Evans were invited to play Woodstock and appear on American Bandstand, however Rick Evans was injured by a drunk driver in a crash.[95]Frank Zappa was then with The Mothers of Invention; he said, “Lots of mud at Woodstock … We have been invited to play there, we turned it down.”[75]Media protection[edit]

Only a few reporters from outside the immediate space had been on the scene. During the primary few days of the festival, national media protection emphasised the issues. Front-web page headlines within the Daily News learn “Traffic Uptight at Hippiefest” and “Hippies Mired in a Sea of Mud”. The new York Times ran an editorial titled “Nightmare in the Catskills”, which learn in part, “The goals of marijuana and rock music that drew 300,000 followers and hippies to the Catskills had little extra sanity than the impulses that drive the lemmings to march to their deaths within the sea. They ended in a nightmare of mud and stagnation … What kind of culture is it that can produce so colossal a multitude?”[96] Coverage turned extra optimistic by the top of the festival, partially because the parents of concertgoers known as the media and instructed them, based on their kids’s telephone calls, that their reporting was misleading.[40][97][page needed]

The brand new York Times lined the prelude to the festival and the transfer from Wallkill to Bethel.[32] Barnard Collier, who reported from the event for The brand new York Times, asserts that he was pressured by on-responsibility editors at the paper to write a misleadingly adverse article about the occasion. In response to Collier, this led to acrimonious discussions and his threat to refuse to put in writing the article till the paper’s govt editor, James Reston, agreed to let him write the article as he saw fit. The eventual article handled problems with site visitors jams and minor lawbreaking, however went on to emphasize cooperation, generosity, and the good nature of the festival goers.[40][97][page wanted] When the festival was over, Collier wrote another article in regards to the exodus of followers from the festival site and the lack of violence at the event. The chief medical officer for the event and several local residents were quoted as praising the festival goers.[50][98]

Middletown, New York’s Times Herald-Record, the only local each day newspaper, editorialized in opposition to the regulation that banned the festival from Wallkill. Through the festival a uncommon Saturday edition was printed. The paper had the only telephone line working out of the positioning, and it used a motorcyclist to get tales and photos from the impassable crowd to the newspaper’s office 35 miles (56 km) away in Middletown.[28][99][100][101]



1970 documentary[edit]

The documentary film Woodstock, directed by Michael Wadleigh and edited by a crew headed by Thelma Schoonmaker, was released in March 1970. Artie Kornfeld (one of the promoters of the festival) went to Fred Weintraub, an executive at Warner Bros., and requested for money to film the festival. Artie had been turned down in every single place else, however in opposition to the categorical wishes of other Warner Bros. executives, Weintraub put his job on the road and gave Kornfeld $100,000 (equal to $800,000 at the moment) to make the film. Woodstock helped to avoid wasting Warner Bros at a time when the corporate was on the verge of going out of enterprise. The ebook Easy Riders, Raging Bulls details the making of the movie.

Wadleigh rounded up a crew of about 100 from the brand new York film scene. With no cash to pay the crew, he agreed to a double-or-nothing scheme, in which the crew would obtain double pay if the film succeeded and nothing if it bombed. Wadleigh strove to make the movie as a lot concerning the hippies as the music, listening to their feelings about compelling occasions contemporaneous with the festival (such as the Vietnam War), as nicely because the views of the townspeople.[102]

Woodstock received the Academy Award for Documentary Feature.[103] In 1996, the movie was inducted into the Library of Congress National Film Registry. In 1994, Woodstock: The Director’s Cut was launched and expanded to incorporate Janis Joplin in addition to extra performances by Jefferson Airplane, Jimi Hendrix, and Canned Heat not seen in the unique version of the film. In 2009, the expanded 40th Anniversary Edition was released on DVD. This launch marks the movie’s first availability on Blu-ray.

Other movies[edit]

Woodstock Diaries was produced by D. A. Pennebaker in 1994 as a three-half Tv documentary miniseries. It was meant to commemorate Woodstock’s twenty fifth anniversary and contains rare performances and interviews with many of the live performance’s producers, including Joel Rosenman, John Roberts and Michael Lang.[104]

Jimi Hendrix: Live at Woodstock was produced in 2005 as two-disc set that features all out there footage of Hendrix’s Woodstock efficiency, in two totally different edits. The discharge also includes a mini-documentary with members of Hendrix’s band, and footage of a September 1969 information conference the place he mentioned his Woodstock set.[104]

Taking Woodstock was produced in 2009 by Taiwanese American filmmaker Ang Lee.[105] Lee practically rented out the whole town of latest Lebanon, New York, to shoot the movie. He was initially involved with angering the locals, however they ended up being very welcoming and willing to assist with the movie.[106] The film relies on Elliot Tiber, played by Demetri Martin, and his function in bringing Woodstock to Bethel, New York. The film additionally stars Jonathan Groff as Michael Lang, Daniel Eric Gold as Joel Rosenman, and Henry Goodman and Imelda Staunton as Jake and Sonia Teichberg.[107]

Woodstock: Three Days That Defined a Generation is a documentary by Barak Goodman, produced in 2019 by PBS. It focuses on Woodstock’s social and political context and contains previously unseen footage supplemented by voice-over anecdotes from festival attendees. It focuses extra on the scene in the gang (and around the country) than on the stage.[104]

Creating Woodstock was directed by Mick Richards and produced in 2019. It seems to be at how the festival got here collectively, with interviews with producers elucidating a few of Woodstock’s myths, and what it took to get many performers to attend. (Janis Joplin, for instance, apparently required a private provide of strawberries).[104]


Soundtrack albums and twenty fifth anniversary releases[edit]

Two soundtrack albums had been released. The first, Woodstock: Music from the unique Soundtrack and More, was a 3-LP (later 2-CD) album containing a sampling of one or two songs by a lot of the acts who performed. A 12 months later, Woodstock 2 was released as a 2-LP album. Both albums included recordings of stage announcements (many by Production Coordinator John Morris, e.g., “[We’re informed] that the brown acid isn’t specifically too good”, “Hey, for those who assume actually arduous, maybe we are able to cease this rain”) and crowd noises (i.e., the rain chant) between songs. In August 1994, a third album, Woodstock Diary was launched, containing music not included on the earlier two albums.[108]

Tracks from all three albums, as well as quite a few extra, previously unreleased performances from the festival (however not the stage bulletins and crowd noises) have been reissued by Atlantic, additionally in August 1994, as a 4-CD box set titled Woodstock: Three Days of Peace and Music.[104]

An album titled Jimi Hendrix: Woodstock was also launched in August 1994, that includes solely chosen recordings of Jimi Hendrix at the festival.[104]

30th anniversary releases[edit]

In July 1999, MCA Records launched Live at Woodstock, an expanded, two-CD release that includes practically each track of Hendrix’s efficiency, omitting just two items that had been sung by his rhythm guitarist Larry Lee.[104]

40th anniversary releases[edit]

In June 2009, complete performances from Woodstock by Santana, Janis Joplin, Sly & the Family Stone, Jefferson Airplane, and Johnny Winter have been released individually by Legacy/SME Records, and had been also collected in a field set titled The Woodstock Experience.[104]

In August 2009, Rhino/Atlantic Records issued a 6-CD field set titled Woodstock 40 Years On: Back To Yasgur’s Farm, which included additional musical performances in addition to stage announcements and other ancillary materials.[109]

In October 2009, Joe Cocker launched Live at Woodstock, a stay album of his total Woodstock set. The album incorporates eleven tracks, ten of which had been beforehand unreleased.[104]

50th anniversary releases[edit]

On August 2, 2019, the Rhino/Atlantic launched Woodstock – Back to the Garden: The Definitive 50th Anniversary Archive, a 38-CD, 36-hour, 432-music completists’ audio field set of nearly each note played at the unique 1969 Woodstock festival (including 276 songs that were beforehand unreleased), a “CD collection [co-produced for Rhino by archivist Andy Zax] that lays the ‘sixty nine fest out in chronological order, from the primary stage announcements to muddy farewells.” The only issues lacking from this 38-CD version are two Jimi Hendrix songs that his estate did not consider were as much as the required standard and a few of Sha Na Na’s music that missed being captured on tape. Due to numerous production and warehousing points, the discharge of the box set was delayed dramatically, inflicting huge backlash and dissatisfaction towards Rhino and Warner Music.[quotation needed] More condensed versions-an album on 10 CDs, and an album on either 3 CDs or 5 LPs-have been additionally released. The complete model was limited to a run of solely 1,969 copies.[110][111][112][113]

Also released in 2019 was Live at Woodstock, an official album of all 11 songs performed by Creedence Clearwater Revival, from “Born on the Bayou” to “Bad Moon Rising” and “Proud Mary”. John Fogerty had originally thought the band’s performance was unworthy however this album was finally released both on CD and as a double vinyl LP.[104]


Within the years instantly following the festival, Woodstock co-producers John Roberts and Joel Rosenman, together with Robert Pilpel, wrote Young Men with Unlimited Capital: The Inside Story of the Legendary Woodstock Festival Told By The two Individuals who Paid for It, a ebook in regards to the goings-on behind the scenes throughout the manufacturing of the Woodstock Festival.[18]

Max Yasgur refused to rent out his farm for a 1970 revival of the festival, saying, “As far as I know, I’m going back to running a dairy farm.” Yasgur died in 1973.[115]

Bethel voters didn’t re-elect Supervisor Amatucci, in an election held in November 1969, due to his position in bringing the festival to the city and the upset attributed to some residents.[116] Although accounts differ, the loss was only by a very small margin of between six and fifty votes.[117] The brand new York State Legislature and the Town of Bethel additionally enacted mass gathering legal guidelines designed to stop any extra festivals from occurring.

Approximately 80 lawsuits have been filed towards Woodstock Ventures, primarily by farmers in the area. The film financed settlements and paid off the $1.4 million of debt (equivalent to $11.2 million at this time) Roberts and Rosenman had incurred from the festival.[40][118]

In 1984, at the original festival site, land house owners Louis Nicky and June Gelish put up a monument marker with plaques referred to as “Peace and Music” by a neighborhood sculptor from close by Bloomingburg, Wayne C. Saward.[119]

Attempts were made to stop folks from visiting the positioning. Its house owners unfold hen manure, and during one anniversary, tractors and state police vehicles formed roadblocks. Twenty thousand folks gathered at the positioning in 1989 during an impromptu twentieth anniversary celebration. In 1997 a neighborhood group put up a welcoming sign for guests. Unlike Bethel, the city of Woodstock made several efforts to capitalize on its connection. Bethel’s stance eventually changed and the city began to embrace the festival. Efforts have been undertaken to forge a hyperlink between Bethel and Woodstock.[120]


Woodstock site as we speak[edit]

The sphere and the stage space remain preserved and are open to visitors as a part of the Bethel Woods Center for the Arts after being bought in 1996 by cable television pioneer Alan Gerry for the aim.[121][122] The middle opened on July 1, 2006, with a performance by the new York Philharmonic on a newly constructed pavilion stage located about 500 yards (460 m) SSE of the site of the 1969 stage.[123] (The positioning of the original stage is vacant apart from a commemorative plaque which was positioned in 1984.)[124] In June 2008 the Bethel Woods Center opened a museum dedicated to the experience and cultural significance of the Woodstock festival.[125]

Notable occasions because the opening of the middle have included an August 2006 efficiency by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young[126] and the scattering of Richie Havens’s ashes in August 2013.[127]

In late 2016 New York’s State Historic Preservation Office applied to the National Park Service to have 600 acres (240 ha), together with the positioning of the festival and adjacent areas used for campgrounds, listed on the National Register of Historic Places,[128] and the location was listed on the register in February 2017.

Woodstock 40th anniversary[edit]

There was worldwide media curiosity in the 40th anniversary of Woodstock in 2009.[129] Quite a few activities to commemorate the festival happened all over the world. On August 15, on the Bethel Woods Center for the Arts overlooking the unique site, the largest assembly of Woodstock performing alumni since the unique 1969 festival performed in an eight-hour concert in entrance of a offered-out crowd. Hosted by Country Joe McDonald, the live performance featured Big Brother and the Holding Company performing Janis Joplin’s hits (she actually appeared with the Kozmic Blues Band at Woodstock, though that band did feature former Big Brother guitarist Sam Andrew), Canned Heat, Ten Years After, Jefferson Starship, Mountain, and the headliners, The Levon Helm Band. At Woodstock, Levon Helm played drums and was one of many lead vocalists with The Band. Paul Kantner was the only member of the 1969 Jefferson Airplane lineup to look with Jefferson Starship. Tom Constanten, who played keyboard with the Grateful Dead at Woodstock, joined Jefferson Starship on stage for several numbers. Jocko Marcellino from Sha Na Na additionally appeared, backed up by Canned Heat.[130] Richie Havens, who opened the Woodstock festival in 1969, appeared at a separate event the earlier night.[131] Crosby, Stills & Nash and Arlo Guthrie also marked the anniversary with stay performances at Bethel earlier in August 2009.

Another event occurred in Hawkhurst, Kent (UK), at a Summer of Love occasion, with acts including two of the members at the unique Woodstock, Barry Melton of Country Joe and the Fish and Robin Williamson of The Incredible String Band, plus Santana and Grateful Dead cowl bands.[132] On August 14 and 15, 2009, a 40th anniversary tribute concert was held in Woodstock, Illinois, and was the one festival to obtain the official blessing of the “Father of Woodstock”, Artie Kornfeld.[133] Kornfeld later made an appearance in Woodstock with the occasion’s promoters.

Also in 2009, Michael Lang and Holly George-Warren revealed The Road to Woodstock, which describes Lang’s involvement within the creation of the Woodstock Music & Arts Festival, and includes personal tales and quotes from central figures involved within the event.

Woodstock 50th anniversary[edit]

In May 2014, Michael Lang, one of the producers and organizers of the original Woodstock occasion, revealed plans for a doable 50th anniversary concert in 2019 and that he was exploring various areas. Reports in late 2018 confirmed the plans for a concurrent 50th anniversary occasion on the original site to be operated by the Bethel Woods Centre for the Arts. The scheduled date for the “Bethel Woods Music and Culture Festival: Celebrating the golden anniversary on the historic site of the 1969 Woodstock festival” was August 16-18, 2019. Partners in the event had been Live Nation and INVNT. Bethel Woods described the festival as a “pan-generational music, culture and neighborhood event” (including some dwell performances and talks by) “main futurists and retro-tech specialists”.

Michael Lang advised a reporter that he also had “definite plans” for a 50th anniversary live performance that may “hopefully encourage individuals to become involved with our lives on the planet” with a goal of re-capturing the “historical past and essence of what Woodstock was”.[134]

On January 9, 2019, Lang introduced that the official Woodstock 50th anniversary festival would happen on August 16-18, 2019 in Watkins Glen, New York.[135]

On March 19, 2019, the proposed line-up for Woodstock 50 was introduced. This included some artists who performed at the original Woodstock festival in 1969: John Fogerty (from Creedence Clearwater Revival), Carlos Santana (as Santana), David Crosby (from Crosby, Stills & Nash), Melanie, John Sebastian, Country Joe McDonald, three Grateful Dead members (as Dead & Company), Canned Heat, and Hot Tuna (containing members of Jefferson Airplane).[136] The event was to happen at Watkins Glen International, the race observe in Watkins Glen, New York, the location in 1973 for the Summer Jam at Watkins Glen which drew an estimated 600,000 individuals.

On April 29, 2019, it was announced that Woodstock 50 had been cancelled by investors (Dentsu Aegis Network), who had lost faith in its preparations. The producers “vehemently” denied any cancellation, with Michael Lang telling The new York Times that buyers haven’t any such prerogative.[137][138] After a lawsuit with authentic financiers, the Woodstock 50 crew then announced that it had acquired help from Oppenheimer & Co. for financing so that the three-day occasion can proceed to happen in August regardless of the unique financiers pulling out.

On July 31, 2019, NPR reported that the concert had lastly been cancelled.[139][140] The Bethel Woods Center for the Arts did arrange a weekend of “low-key” live shows.[141]

Local economic affect[edit]

Woodstock nonetheless acts as an economic engine for the native economy. A Bethel Woods report from 2018 signifies that $560.82 million of spending has been generated in New York. With 2.9 million visitors since 2006 and 214,405 guests in 2018, an equal of 172 full-time jobs exist in consequence, which includes direct wages of $5.1 million from Bethel Woods in Sullivan County.[142]

In popular culture[edit]

As considered one of the most important music festivals of all time and a cultural touchstone for the late 1960s, Woodstock has been referenced in many alternative ways in widespread culture. The phrase “the Woodstock era” became part of the frequent lexicon.[143] Tributes and parodies of the festival began nearly as quickly as the festival concluded. Cartoonist Charles Schulz named his recurring Peanuts bird character – which started showing in 1966 however was still unnamed – Woodstock in tribute to the festival (see GoComics archive – 1970JUN22).[144] In April 1970, Mad journal revealed a poem by Frank Jacobs and illustrated by Sergio Aragonés titled “I Remember, I Remember The Wondrous Woodstock Music Fair” that parodies the traffic jams and the challenges of getting shut enough to truly hear the music.[145] Keith Robertson’s 1970 youngsters’s ebook Henry Reed’s Big Show has the title character making an attempt to emulate the success of the festival by mounting his own live performance at his uncle’s farm.

In 1973, the stage show National Lampoon’s Lemmings portrayed the “Woodchuck” festival, featuring parodies of many Woodstock performers.[146]

Time journal named “The Who at Woodstock – 1969” to the magazine’s “Top 10 Music-Festival Moments” checklist on March 18, 2010.[147]

In 2005, Argentine writer Edgar Brau published Woodstock, a protracted poem commemorating the festival. An English translation of the poem was published in January 2007 by Words Without Borders.[148]

In 2017, the singer Lana Del Rey launched a track, “Coachella – Woodstock in My Mind,” so as to show her worries about the tensions between North Korea and the United States whereas she was at Coachella, expressing nostalgia by using the Woodstock festival as a symbol of peace.[149]

In 2017, Portland rock band Portugal. The Man launched album Woodstock, impressed by the lead singer John Gourley’s dialog along with his dad concerning the Woodstock festival ticket stub.[150]

In August 2019, the United States Postal Service launched a Forever stamp commemorating Woodstock’s 50th anniversary.[151] The stamp was designed by Antonio Alcalá, Art Director of the USPS and was first issued on the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City on August 8, 2019.[152] The museum was internet hosting Play it Loud, an exhibit co-organized with the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame consisting of vintage rock and roll devices, posters, and costumes.[153] Attending the ceremony have been Woodstock producers Michael Lang and Joel Rosenman. The ceremony started with a “stirring” electric guitar performance of The Star Spangled Banner by “Captain” Kirk Douglas of The Roots-“reminiscent” of Jimi Hendrix’s efficiency at the unique festival.[154]

In 2023, a South Korean organiser officially purchased Woodstock’s license and tried to hold a festival in Pocheon, but there was quite a lot of controversy resulting from inadequate preparation in the technique of making ready for the festival, and it was eventually cancelled.[155][156][157]


– Opening ceremony at Woodstock. Swami Satchidananda giving the opening speech.

– A rainy day (August 15, 1969)

– Concert attendees

– Joe Cocker and the Grease Band performing at Woodstock

– Photo taken near Woodstock on August 18, 1969

– Richie Havens performing at Woodstock

– Tents and cars of spectators at Woodstock

See also[edit]

1960s portal

Hudson Valley portal

National Register of Historic Places portal

Rock music portal

Harlem Cultural Festival, sometimes called the “Black Woodstock” that ran concurrently over the months of July and August 1969.NambassaNational Register of Historic Places listings in Sullivan County, New YorkPrzystanek Woodstock (Woodstock Festival Poland)Sunbury Pop FestivalWattstaxWoodstock ’99, a rebooted version of the festival held in Rome, New York also marred by poor planning, sexual assaults, pollution


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Bell, Dale (2019). Woodstock: An Inside Look at the Movie That Shook Up the World and Defined a Generation. Rare Bird Books. ISBN 978-1947856271. Oral history with interviews of more than forty crew members and performers.Blelock, Weston; Blelock, Julia, eds. (2009). Roots of the 1969 Woodstock Festival: The Backstory to “Woodstock”. WoodstockArts. ISBN 978-0-9679268-5-8.Bukszpan, Daniel (2019). Woodstock: 50 Years of Peace and Music. Imagine. ISBN 978-1623545314.Greenblatt, Mike (2019). Woodstock 50th Anniversary: Back to Yasgur’s Farm. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-1440248900.Hoffman, Abbie (1969). Woodstock Nation: A Talk-Rock Album. Vintage Books. Author’s expertise on the festival and his reflections on youth culture.cite e-book: CS1 maint: postscript (hyperlink)Kane, John (2019). Pilgrims of Woodstock: Never-Before-Seen Photos. Red Lightning Books. ISBN 978-1-68435-082-7. Photobook with interviews.cite e book: CS1 maint: postscript (hyperlink)Kornfeld, Artie (2009). The Pied Piper of Woodstock. Spirit of the Woodstock Nation LLC. ISBN 978-0-615-32599-6.Landy, Elliott (1994). Woodstock 69: The first Festival: 3 Days of Peace & Music. Squarebooks. ISBN 978-0-916290-75-7. Photobook.cite e-book: CS1 maint: postscript (link)Landy, Elliott (1994). Woodstock Vision: The Spirit of a Generation. Afterword by Richie Havens. Woodstock, NY: Landy Vision. ISBN 978-0-9625073-4-2. Includes 300 of Landy’s traditional photographs at Woodstock.cite e book: CS1 maint: postscript (link)Lang, Michael (2009). The Road to Woodstock. Ecco Publishing. ISBN 978-0-06-157655-3.Lang, Michael (2009). Woodstock Experience. Genesis Publications. ISBN 978-1-905662-09-8.Makower, Joel (2009). Woodstock: The Oral History, 40th Anniversary Edition. SUNY Press/Excelsior Editions. ISBN 978-1-4384-2974-8.Perone, James E. (2005). Woodstock: An Encyclopedia of the Music and Art Fair. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313330575.Reynolds, Susan, ed. (2019). Woodstock Revisited: 50 Far Out, Groovy, Peace-Loving, Flashback-Inducing Stories From Those who Were There. ISBN 978-1081381608. Collection of tales by Woodstock attendees.cite e book: CS1 maint: postscript (link)Roberts, John; Rosenman, Joel; Pilpel, Robert H. (1974). Young Men with Unlimited Capital: The Inside Story of the Legendary Woodstock Festival Told By The two Individuals who Paid for It (1st ed.). New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. ISBN 9780151559770. OCLC 922819.Tiber, Elliot (1994). Knock on Woodstock: The Uproarious, Uncensored Story of the Woodstock Festival, the Gay Man Who Made It Happen, and how He Earned His Ticket to Free. Joel Friedlander Pub. ISBN 978-0964180604.Wolman, Baron (2014). Woodstock. Reel Art Press. Photobook containing creator’s Woodstock collection.cite book: CS1 maint: postscript (link)Young, Jean; Lang, Michael (1979). Woodstock Festival Remembered. Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0345280039.External links[edit]

Woodstock at Curlie

Kirkpatrick, Rob (August 5, 2009). “Pot, Skinny-Dipping, and Freedom Rock: Woodstock and the Year of the Outdoor Music Festival”. PopMatters.”Michael Lang. The man behind a very powerful Music Festival in the History, Woodstock 1969″. La Escuela Superior de Audio y Acústica.

Artie Kornfeld Interview at NAMM Oral History Collection (2017)- Ric Manning, Remembering Woodstock, 2009 Remembering Woodstock, 2019 (later, newspaper author, uploader of File:Woodstock-kids.jpg)Elliott Landy: Woodstock Festival GalleryWoodstock Vision media CD-ROM




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